Terrorism is not a new phenomenon in the world, as it promotes radical beliefs and extreme ideologies.
Terrorism is defined as the use of intimidation and violence to achieve a political aim. Terrorists perpetrate heinous crimes on a local and global scale while pursuing this goal. Many of these terrorist groups have continued to create monstrous havoc over the years to garner international attention.
These are some of the most dangerous terrorist groups the world has ever known, despite the fact that their positions on the list may change over time.
For instance a report claims terrorist attacks killed 13,826 individuals around the world in 2019. The Taliban, Boko Haram, ISIS, and Al Shabab, as well as its affiliates, were responsible for more than half of the casualties.
Below are some of the most dangerous terrorist groups the world has ever known;
10. The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
This terrorist organization, led by Joseph Kony, operates throughout Uganda, sections of southern Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic.
It’s also classified as a cult. Despite the fact that the organization’s first message was to unite Uganda via peace and wealth, it swiftly devolved into violence. From mutilations to murders, child soldiers to sex slaves, the Lord’s Resistance Army is responsible for it all.
Between 2008 and 2011, the brutal Lord’s Resistant Army militants killed at least 2,300 people, not including the hundreds of thousands of civilians they displaced across Central Africa.
9. Forças Armadas Revolucionárias da Colômbia (FARC)
The name translates to Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia in English.
The origins of the FARC may be traced back to a period of warfare in Colombia between liberals and conservatives. These terrorists use guerrilla methods to promote their Marxist-Leninist cause, which is anti-imperialist and communism.
The FARC professes to be on the side of impoverished farmers and opposes the commercialization of the country’s natural resources. The revolutionary organization, on the other hand, raises money through illicit activities such as illegal mining, kidnapping, human trafficking, and extortion.
Hundreds of bombs and assassinations have also been carried out in Colombia in the name of the FARC. The rebels have been designated as a terrorist organization by both North and Latin American nations since the 1960s. In 1962, the US government aided Colombians in mobilizing civilian groups to work with local soldiers to combat FARC threats.
8. Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)
This terrorist organization exists along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border with the sole objective of overthrowing the Pakistani government.
This group also the fight against NATO forces and are bent on implementation of Sharia law.
It was founded in 2007 and is made up of several Islamist radical groups. It is also known as the Tehrik-i-Taliban or simply Pakistani Taliban. Baitullah Mehsud, the group’s infamous founder, was a Pakistani insurgent. He died in 2009, and the current leader, Mullah Fazlullah, is openly anti-Western. The terrorist group has not only attacked Pakistani targets such as United Nations buildings, naval and army facilities, and a school for children in Peshawar, but it has also designated American cities as targets. In 2010, Pakistan’s Tehrik-i-Taliban attempted to blow up a vehicle bomb in Times Square.
7. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT)
Hafiz Saeed, the terrorist leader behind Lashkar-e-Toiba, chose the name because it signifies “Army of the Righteous.” They are not only occupying areas in India and Pakistan, but they are also one of the world’s largest and most skilled terrorist groups.
In Southeast Asia, they aspire to build an Islamic state. The military branch of Markaz-ud-Dawa-wal-Irshad was founded in the 1980s with an emphasis on Islamic extremism. At the time, Soviet Union forces controlled Afghanistan, and the LT was strongly opposed to their presence.
Fast forward to the twentieth century, and the vicious organization is still wreaking havoc in India and Pakistan. An attack on India’s parliament in 2001 resulted in the deaths of 12 people. In 2005 and 2006, respectively, Delhi and Varanasi were brutalized. A bombing on a Mumbai commuter train in 2006 killed around 160 passengers.
This East African terrorist organization was formed in 2006 with the stated goal of destroying foreign military forces in Somalia. The organization is being funded with income it receives from ransoms, piracy, illegal commerce, and other criminal activities in order to help create their Islamic government.
Al-Shabaab operates in Somalia, Kenya, and Uganda, carrying out deadly car assaults and suicide bombs on a regular basis. The Westgate Mall attack in Kenya claimed the lives of over 60 people in 2013. Only two years later, the vicious group attacked a Kenyan university, killing 148 students.
Party of Allah,’ as it is translated. Hezbollah is a violent Shi’a organisation. Hezbollah, led by Ayatollah Khomeini, was founded in 1982 by a group of Muslim clerics to oppose Israel’s occupation of Lebanon.
They made it obvious that they oppose any type of western presence in the region and are determined to drive them out. Hezbollah bombed the US Embassy in Lebanon in 1983. For a decade, the Lebanese hostage crisis raged. In 1994, militants attacked a plane flying in Panama and the Israeli Embassy in London
4. Boko Haram
This notorious West African terrorist organization is a branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIL / ISIS) and has close ties to Al-Qaeda.
Boko Haram’s name literally means ‘Western education is a sin.’ According to some sources, the term ‘Western’ could potentially be replaced with ‘non-Islamic.’ The sect’s founder, Mohammed Yusuf, was an outspoken opponent of western education.
He even dismisses the Earth’s spherical shape, claiming that it is a Western idea. Since 2009, Boko Haram has been active in Nigeria. The terrorists planned to impose Islamic laws across the entire country when Nigeria began to accept other cultures.
They even tried to overthrow the government by establishing Sharia law, which prohibits any outside conduct, including the consumption of alcohol.
Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the attack of the UN offices in Abuja, Nigeria, in 2011. The terrorist gang grabbed international prominence three years later when they kidnapped over 200 Nigerian schoolgirls. Countries all around the world recognized their heinous terror, and a large social media campaign demanding the children’s return, many of whom were already married and had children, erupted.
Boko Haram has been responsible for the deaths of over 5,000 innocent people since its inception in 2009.
In 1994, Mullah Mohammed Omar founded the Taliban. Its roots can be traced back to the Afghan resistance to the Soviets. It is such a violent terrorist group that it has control over an entire country. Until the US military invaded Afghanistan in 2001, the Taliban’s insurgent group imposed strict Islamic regulations in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.
Human and drug trafficking are two of the Taliban’s main sources of revenue. In the name of Jihad, the terrorists slaughter innocent people, including more than 130 high school instructors and students in northern Pakistan. The Taliban commits horrible crimes such as ethnic cleansing on a regular basis. Al-Qaeda, like other terrorist organizations, aided the Taliban.
The goal of Al-Qaeda’s is to bring Muslims from all over the world together via Jihad and a rigorous interpretation of Sharia law.
Al-Qaeda has been one of the world’s most powerful terrorist organizations for nearly three decades. In 1988, Osama bin Laden founded the extremist group. It is responsible for the bombings of the World Trade Center in 1993, the U.S. embassy bombings in Africa in 1998, and the Bali bombings in 2002.
Osama bin Laden is best known for his role in the 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York City, Washington, and Pennsylvania, which resulted in the deaths of over 3,000 Americans. As a result, the United States launched an invasion of Afghanistan. In May 2011, Osama bin Laden was apprehended and murdered in Pakistan. Ayman al-Zawahiri has been the leader of Al-Qaeda since then.
1. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant / Syria (ISIL / ISIS)
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, founded by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has expanded to 80,000 militants and still counting.
The terrorists control vast areas of the Middle East, including parts of Iraq, Syria, and Palestine, and have affiliate groups all over the world, especially in Southeast Asia, Nigeria, and Libya. They have members from all around the world, including the United States.
ISIS claims to have control over Muslims worldwide, including political, religious, and military organisations, as an extremist Sunni jihadist organization. These savages have abused people all throughout the world. ISIS is particularly well-known for operating slave markets in which they sell abducted women. The Yazidi Kurdish sect has already suffered such atrocities after ISIS murdered their children.
Policymakers must be informed of new counter-terrorism tactics as the threat of terrorism continues to evolve. The European Leadership Network is working on a concept called social impact bonds in relation to terrorism, with a special focus on protecting dangerous materials like radioactive medical waste that could be utilized in sophisticated terrorist operations. Over 100 development or social impact bonds have already been issued around the world, but none have been utilized for security purposes.